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Isaac Newton's Apple: The popular story of Isaac Newton discovering gravity when an apple fell on his head might be a myth, but Newton did use the idea of falling apples to develop his theory of universal gravitation.
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Albert Einstein's Annus Mirabilis: In 1905, Albert Einstein published four groundbreaking papers that revolutionized physics. These papers introduced the theory of special relativity, explained the photoelectric effect, and laid the foundation for quantum mechanics.
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The Double-Slit Experiment: In the early 19th century, Thomas Young conducted the double-slit experiment, demonstrating that light and other waves exhibit interference patterns. This experiment later played a crucial role in the development of quantum mechanics.
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The Michelson-Morley Experiment: In 1887, Albert A. Michelson and Edward W. Morley conducted an experiment to detect the ether, a hypothetical substance thought to fill the universe and serve as a medium for light waves
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Max Planck's Quantum Revolution: In 1900, Max Planck introduced the concept of quantization to explain blackbody radiation. This marked the birth of quantum theory, which revolutionized our understanding of the behavior of particles at the atomic and subatomic levels.
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Marie Curie's Pioneering Work: Marie Curie, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, made significant contributions to physics and chemistry. She discovered the radioactive elements polonium and radium and coined the term "radioactivity.
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The Manhattan Project: During World War II, the Manhattan Project brought together some of the world's brightest physicists, including Richard Feynman and Robert Oppenheimer, to develop the first atomic bomb. The project had a profound impact on the course of history.
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The Higgs Boson Discovery: In 2012, the Large Hadron Collider at CERN confirmed the existence of the Higgs boson, a particle responsible for giving mass to other particles. This discovery validated the Standard Model of particle physics.
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The Theory of Everything: Physicists are still searching for a unified theory that can explain all the fundamental forces of the universe in a single framework. This elusive "Theory of Everything" remains one of the greatest challenges in physics.
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The Black Hole Image: In 2019, the Event Horizon Telescope captured the first-ever image of a black hole. This groundbreaking achievement provided visual evidence of the existence of these mysterious cosmic objects.
Image Credit - NASA