Image Credit: Lab People
Elephant Toothpaste: This experiment demonstrates the rapid decomposition of hydrogen peroxide using potassium iodide as a catalyst. The result is a massive foaming eruption that resembles "elephant toothpaste."
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Alchemy: Transmutation of Elements: While true alchemy (turning base metals into gold) is not possible, in particle accelerators, scientists can transmute one element into another by bombarding it with high-energy particles, effectively changing its atomic nucleus.
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Burning Money: Although not advisable due to the legal implications, you can briefly set money on fire and watch it burn without being consumed due to the low ignition temperature of the paper and the heat being quickly transferred away.
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The Blue Bottle Experiment: This experiment involves a solution of glucose, sodium hydroxide, and methylene blue. The solution oscillates between a blue and colorless state due to the reaction kinetics and the presence of oxygen.
Image Credit: RSC Education
Chemiluminescence: Some chemical reactions emit light. The most famous example is the reaction between hydrogen peroxide and potassium iodide, producing an eerie blue light.
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Exploding Gummy Bears: Gummy bears contain a lot of sugar, which can react vigorously with concentrated potassium chlorate, leading to a fiery explosion.
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Pharaoh's Serpent: This classic experiment involves igniting mercury(II) thiocyanate, creating a large, snake-like mass that grows out of the material due to the release of sulfur, carbon, and nitrogen gases.
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Growing Crystals: Watching crystals grow can be mesmerizing. Crystallization experiments can produce beautiful, intricate structures under the right conditions.
Image Credit: Crystalverse
Rainbow Flames: Adding various metal salts to a flame can produce different colored flames. For example, adding strontium chloride produces a brilliant red flame, while barium chloride creates a green flame.
Image Credit: Photos.com
Cesium in Water: Cesium is an extremely reactive metal. When it comes into contact with water, it produces a violent explosion due to the intense heat generated.
Image Credit: ScienceAlert